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Johannesburg

Johannesburg and the surrounding Gauteng region is the economic heartland of South Africa, with a rapidly expanding metropolitan cluster. Much peri-urban development is in new middle class enclaves, with high security and car-dependency. Older townships are also scattered across an arid landscape with few services or opportunities. Climate change hazards of heat, drought and wildfire, are wrapped into current and historic social-economic vulnerabilities, inequalities and fractures.



SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT
(Urban area of Johannesburg)


Population city-region                                - 8.000m
Land area city-region                                  - 3357km2
Density city-region                                      - 2383 pp/km2
Population city-region change                  -

Johannesburg region



CLIMATE HAZARD
(World Bank data - https://thinkhazard.org – for Gauteng
province)


Extreme heat                                                - medium
Wildfire                                                          - HIGH
Water scarcity                                              - medium
River flood                                                    - low
Urban flood                                                  - low
Coastal flood                                                -
Cyclone                                                          - low
Tsunami                                                         -
Landslide                                                       - very low
Earthquake                                                   - medium
Volcano                                                         -

VULNERABILITY

Economic type                                             - upper middle income
GDP /pp city-region                                    - US$16,370 pp
HDI                                                                 - 0.75

GOVERNANCE
(national level data)

Welfare regime (BTI)                           - 6

Control of corruption (SPI)                - 4.3
Access to justice (WGI)                       - 7.7

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