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Surabaya is a port city on the Indonesian island of Java. A vibrant, sprawling metropolis, it mixes modern skyscrapers with canals and buildings from its Dutch colonial past. It has a rapidly growing
economy and metropolitan area with large hinterland and scenic landscape.

Peri-urban areas are mainly in larger private developments of middle class and worker housing,
mingling with traditional rice paddy cultivation.

Climate-environmental hazards are those of a tropical coastal city, with heat and flood amplified by
wildfire problems, with earthquake and volcanic risks in the background.


Population city-region (metropolitan)            -13.1m
Land area city-region                                          - 5925 km2
Density city-region                                              - 2200 pp/km2
Population city-region change                          -


Surabaya region

(World Bank data - -)

Extreme heat                                        - medium
Wildfire                                                  - HIGH
Water scarcity                                      - medium
River flood                                            -  medium
Urban flood                                          - medium
Coastal flood                                        - HIGH
Cyclone                                                  - (no data)
Tsunami                                                 - medium
Landslide                                               - low
Earthquake                                           - medium
Volcano                                                 - HIGH


Economic type                                     - emerging lower-middle income
GDP /pp city-region                            - $13655 / $47200 PPP
HDI         (regional 2017)                    - 0.81


(national level data)

Welfare regime (BTI)                           - 5.5
Control of corruption (SPI)                - 4.1
Access to justice (WGI)                       - 6.9

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