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Changsha is a historic centre (home to Mao Tse-Tung in the 1920s). It is now a rapidly
expanding provincial capital, located on a large river system, with a fertile and
mountainous hinterland.

Peri-urban development is mainly in standard high rise blocks, which replace traditional
agricultural lands.

Climate risks include storm, heat, wildfire and urban flooding.


Population city-region (i.e. prefecture)          - 8.15m
Land area city-region                                          - 11819 km2
Density city-region                                              - 690 pp/km2
Population city-region change

Changsha region

(World Bank data on – for Changsha City)

Extreme heat                                        - HIGH
Wildfire                                                  - HIGH
Water scarcity                                      - low
River flood                                            - medium
Urban flood                                          - HIGH
Coastal flood                                        - (no data)
Cyclone                                                  - HIGH
Tsunami                                                 - (no data)
Landslide                                               - low
Earthquake                                           - low
Volcano                                                 - (no data)


Economic type                                     - upper middle, rapid growth
GDP /pp city-region                            - $21000 USD ($40900 ppp)
HDI (national 2017)                             - 0.752


(national level data)

Welfare regime (BTI)                           - 5.5
Control of corruption (SPI)                - 4.1
Access to justice (WGI)                       - 4.2

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