peri-cene logo


Changsha is a historic centre (home to Mao Tse-Tung in the 1920s). It is now a rapidly
expanding provincial capital, located on a large river system, with a fertile and
mountainous hinterland.

Peri-urban development is mainly in standard high rise blocks, which replace traditional
agricultural lands.

Climate risks include storm, heat, wildfire and urban flooding.


Population city-region (i.e. prefecture)          - 8.15m
Land area city-region                                          - 11819 km2
Density city-region                                              - 690 pp/km2
Population city-region change

Changsha region

(World Bank data on – for Changsha City)

Extreme heat                                        - HIGH
Wildfire                                                  - HIGH
Water scarcity                                      - low
River flood                                            - medium
Urban flood                                          - HIGH
Coastal flood                                        - (no data)
Cyclone                                                  - HIGH
Tsunami                                                 - (no data)
Landslide                                               - low
Earthquake                                           - low
Volcano                                                 - (no data)


Economic type                                     - upper middle, rapid growth
GDP /pp city-region                            - $21000 USD ($40900 ppp)
HDI (national 2017)                             - 0.752


(national level data)

Welfare regime (BTI)                           - 5.5
Control of corruption (SPI)                - 4.1
Access to justice (WGI)                       - 4.2


Organisations, Programmes, and Projects

Key Laboratory of Hunan Universities of Resources Use and Environment Change in Dongting Lake Basin, Hunan Normal University

Description: research group on flooding and urban development

Green Hunan

Description: environmental NGO focusing on environmental problems in the river basin, based in Changsha


Description: Provincial Government Departments and Laws

Academic Articles

Liu, S., Wei, C., Guo, Y. et al. (2011). Exploring harmonious development between urbanization and eco-environment based on climate analysis—A study in Changsha, China. J. Cent. South Univ. Technol. 18, 101–107

Description: quantitative analysis of relationship between urbanization and temperature change

Hu, Q.; He, X. 2018. An Integrated Approach to Evaluate Urban Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change. Sustainability, 10, 1272.

Description: entropy, relational and index analysis of urban adaptive capacity

Wang, Y., Li, Z., Tang, Z. et al. A GIS-Based Spatial Multi-Criteria Approach for Flood Risk Assessment in the Dongting Lake Region, Hunan, Central China. Water Resour Manage 25, 3465–3484 (2011).

Description: quantitative analysis with a database of vulnerability indicators

Chen, Y.; Zheng, B.; Hu, Y. 2020. Numerical Simulation of Local Climate Zone Cooling Achieved through Modification of Trees, Albedo and Green Roofs—A Case Study of Changsha, China. Sustainability, 12, 2752.

Description: scenario modeling for different temperature cooling options

Return to article index