Granada pathways

Adaptive pathways

(notes on discussion in 2021 around and at the Policy lab workshops.

We start with 4 challenges:

- CHALLENGE 1: Brutal Mobility - Origins/Destinations: Lack of centralities

- CHALLENGE 2: Agricultural Territory Without Success - Loss of Significance

- CHALLENGE 3: Landscape Will Be Definitely Forgotten

- CHALLENGE 4: Health Problems Generalized

Then follow practical applications to the challenges of climate-wise peri-urban development:

  • Landscape strategy for Andalusia - starts with the watersheds: water system with large dams.

Water scarcity problems: reducing water demand for agriculture? or artifical snow for ski stations. So, water around the city & peri-urban is at risk: aquifers are at risk: using groundwater from middle ages:

  • air pollution, traffic etc: some new responses: new metro: local council plans: green belt of

trees: not edible forest? better to increase forest land on hills & around the bio-region: climate change plans not really effecting pollution so far. proposals - new mobility strategies: new agri-ecology networks: heritage land protection: sustainable urban drainage systems proposals

Governance pathways:

  • pathway 1: co-learning pathways to create a culture?? maybe at meso level governance: e.g. province of Granada. experience in Colombia - integration of technical expertise with civil society meetings (urban acupuncture)
  • pathway 2: local municipalities, e.g. orchard planting at grassroots level - agro-forestry - also ecological markets
  • pathway 3: confront & critique mainstream old-fashoned urban planning

This forms a 3-leg combination: expert / political / civil society (multiple helix). Practical applications to agro-forestry needs pilot examples. Are there general principles for this example:

  • ecological complexity & diversity = resilience & adaptive capacity
  • social complexity & diversity = resilience & adaptive capacity
  • economic complexity & diversity = resilience & adaptive capacity
  • governance complexity & diversity = resilience & adaptive capacity

For the challenge of social integration in the peri-urban: beyond gated communities (is this the same as social complexity & resilience??). For public transport in a car dependent peri-urban - more autonomous centres? retrofitting the peri-urban. For control of expansion & sprawl - start with older towns?

Example of Chile system: strong at national & at community level: regional is a gap (from dictatorship years)

Climate pathways: heat / drought adaptation

Arid climate adaptation, calls for multi-level governance. Short term: arid zone water management in buildings and land: fire defence via forest breaks and natural fire cycle management. Longer term: (in some areas) we need to rethink – where are the settlements, what kind of forms & surroundings, how can low impact eco-design manage a transformation towards a drought / fire-friendly co-existence.

Agro-ecology & food democracy

Agro-ecology may be the most important pathway: first by challenging the chemical-intensive industrial production of global agri-business, and its disruption / depletion of ecosystems & adaptive capacity. Then it aims to rethink the relations of producers, markets and the ecosystems resilience in a changing climate. With the dimension of ‘food democracy’ it can mobilize social / cooperative enterprise on a large scale, which then fits with the adaptive pathways for landscape, soil, water, local livelihoods etc.

New demographics & eco-housing

While much peri-urban expansion is in middle-upper income suburbs & gated communities, some areas see an influx of alternative lifestyle, ex-urban small-holders, local eco-entrepreneurs etc. This bring new opportunities for co-housing, housing with small-holdings, low impact development etc. This can change the social mix & increase the local diversity & resilience.

Eco-real estate markets

Climate change brings a major rethink in the insurance industry, which now calculates the cost / benefit of adaptation as (global average) 7:1 net positive. Such principles can then feed into the real estate market, via green finance and the concept of ‘positive insurance’, which is re-invested to reduce risks & increase resilience.

Circular economy & eco-livelihood

The peri-urban can be a vital part of a city-region circular economy, with a continuous flow of re-use recycling & recovery. This may include shift from mainstream business models, towards cooperative, mutual or similar forms of social-eco business. These can then work in sectors such as food & forestry, biodiversity & ecosystems, education & health, leisure & well-being of all kinds.

Collaborative governance, civil partnerships

Livelihood-based pathways: civil society / grassroots action / cooperatives (e.g. indigenous groups): new forms of civil society partnerships, networks, forums, dialogues can emerge. These may be based on water catchments, bio-regions, or terrestrial eco-regions, as well as economic zones, commuting patterns etc. Government can enable these with round table structures, deliberative processes, core subsidies, rules for transparency & accountability.

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