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Greater Melbourne contains 31 municipalities, in an affluent multi-cultural metropolis, doubling in size in 30 years.

Large suburban-peri-urban areas are scattered, car dependent, vulnerable to drought and wildfire, and in certain areas river flooding. Social polarization and middle class vulnerability may be on the increase. Peri-rural areas suffer from out-migration, dependency on agriculture and corporate landholdings, declining services.

Climate hazards generally include wildfires and all forms of flooding. Coastal areas are at risk from sea level rise and coastal storm hazards on critical infrastructure.

Population city-region (2018) - 4.9m
Land area city-region - 9993 km2
Density city-region - 508 pp/km2 Population city-region change -

(The map here shows circles of 20, 40 & 60km radius, a rough approximation to the gravity field).

Melbourne region


(World Bank data - - profile for Victoria)

Extreme heat                                                - medium
Wildfire                                                          - HIGH
Water scarcity                                              - low
River flood                                                    - HIGH
Urban flood                                                  - HIGH
Coastal flood                                                - HIGH
Cyclone                                                          - low
Tsunami                                                         - HIGH
Landslide                                                       - medium
Earthquake                                                   - medium
Volcano                                                         - medium

Economic type                                             - high income

GDP /pp city-region                                    - $68350 AUD
HDI                                                                 -


(national level data)

Welfare regime (BTI)                           -9.0
Control of corruption (SPI)                -7.7
Access to justice (WGI)                       -9.3


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